# Year 5 Multiplication and Division

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Identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers
Many Multiples

Know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (non-prime) numbers

Establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19

Multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers
Fluency sheet

Multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts

Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a one-digit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context

Multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000

Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared and cubed

Solve problems involving multiplication and division including using their knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes

Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals sign

Solve problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates.